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Surrogacy refers to the act of a woman carrying a pregnancy to term and then giving birth for the child’s parents. Most people who choose this option are unable to get pregnant or carry a child to full term themselves. What most people don’t know is that there are two types of surrogacy; gestational also known as host surrogacy and straight or traditional surrogacy.
In this type of surrogacy, the embryos made by the intended parents are transferred into the surrogate mother’s womb via IVF (invitro-fertilization). This means that the surrogate mother is in no way genetically related to the child. The embryos can be fully made from the genetic material of both intended parents or made from one parent’s genetic material and either a donor’s sperm or egg.
The protocols followed in this kind of surrogacy will depend on a few factors including the clinic of choice, preference, availability of the embryos or even the method of transfer (fresh or frozen). All of these options along with the legality of the process will be discussed on your first visit to the fertility clinic. It is however important to note here that double gamete donation is illegal under UK law.
Straight or Traditional Surrogacy
In this type of surrogacy, the surrogate’s own eggs are used to conceive. This can be done using artificial insemination, via an insemination kit or at a clinic using IUI or IVF where the surrogate also acts as the egg donor. In this form of surrogacy, the surrogate contributes genetic material to the embryo.
The Surrogacy Process
For the surrogacy process to go off without a hitch, we’ve created a tried and tested process that includes the following steps. For professional help though, we’d recommend seeking the services of UK Surrogacy lawyers.
Step 1: Meet a Surrogate/Intended Parents
Surrogates and intended parents can meet in any number of ways, via social events, online messages or introductions by friends and family members. We recommend that surrogates and intended parents create long-lasting friendships to make the whole process pleasant and healthy for everyone.
Step 2: Getting to Know One Another
We recognize the importance of getting to know one another; after all you will be sharing in one of the most magical processes in nature. Once you locate your perfect surrogate or intended parents from our database, we will facilitate a meet and greet. This is the stage where you get to know each other, determine if you are the right match.
Step 3: The Agreement Stage
The getting to know one another stage can be as long as you want it to. And of you are not “connecting” with your selected surrogate or intended parents, you can always choose another person. But once you’ve found the perfect person, the next step is getting down to the nitty-gritty of the agreement itself. This step is so important it usually involves a mediator who will help you get through the contractual terms of the agreement. Getting this part right will mean that there are fewer problems down the line.
Step 4: Continued Support
Because it is vital to get support through the process of conception, pregnancy and birth, it is important to have a surrogacy service that will provide this kind of support. In certain circumstances, mediation is necessary after birth especially where there are disputes or disappointment.